The Game of Go / Weiqi / igo / baduk - 19x19 goban / go board. Thought this was a "Sushi-Go" ripoff, but it's not. It is instead a German/international version of the game, exactly the same but with different art. Why? Don't know. Go ist ein strategisches Brettspiel für zwei Spieler. Das Spiel stammt ursprünglich aus dem antiken China und hat im Laufe der Geschichte eine besondere Prägung in Japan, Korea und Taiwan erhalten. Erst seit dem Jahrhundert fand Go auch. <
MYUNGIN 086 Magnetic Go Board Game WeiQi Baduk Piece stones Travel FoldableFinden Sie Top-Angebote für myungin magnet go brettspiel weigi baduk stück stones reise faltbar bei eBay. Kostenlose Lieferung für viele Artikel! Thought this was a "Sushi-Go" ripoff, but it's not. It is instead a German/international version of the game, exactly the same but with different art. Why? Don't know. We focus on the board game Go, which originates from East Asia! In our online store we offer Go boards, Go stones and Go boxes in a large selection as well as.
Go Board Game Go Game Sets VideoGo - Basic Rules Go ist ein strategisches Brettspiel für zwei Spieler. Das Spiel stammt ursprünglich aus dem antiken China und hat im Laufe der Geschichte eine besondere Prägung in Japan, Korea und Taiwan erhalten. Erst seit dem Jahrhundert fand Go auch. Go Game with Wood Board bei ailizhang.com | Günstiger Preis | Kostenloser Versand ab 29€ für ausgewählte Artikel. GO Set and Chinese Korean chess at back side / Go board games/ Go stones Xiang-qi Board Game / baduk and janggi sets bei ailizhang.com | Günstiger Preis. Go board game with pull out drawers - Gollnest & Kiesel Online Shop. Sunjang baduk became the main variant played in Korea until the end of the 19th century, when the current version was reintroduced from Japan. Go: the World's most Fascinating Game 1st ed. The black groups at the bottom are dead as they only have one eye. IEEE Spectrum. During this period, the best player of Tipp Weltmeister 2021 generation was given the prestigious title Meijin master and Slotohit post of Godokoro minister of Go. The Unicode Archives. These graphical aids The Best Craps Strategy suggest possible next moves, Etoro SteuererklГ¤rung areas of influence, highlight vital stones under attack and mark Lottozahlen Vom 29.6.19 in atari or about to be captured. Tokyo: Kiseido Publishers. If there is disagreement about Go Board Game stones are dead, then under area scoring rules, the players simply resume play to resolve the matter. Seki can result from an attempt by one player to invade and kill a nearly settled group of the other player.
Area scoring counts the number of points a player's stones occupy and surround. It is associated with contemporary Chinese play and was probably established there during the Ming Dynasty in the 15th or 16th century.
After both players have passed consecutively, the stones that are still on the board but unable to avoid capture, called dead stones, are removed.
Area scoring including Chinese : A player's score is the number of stones that the player has on the board, plus the number of empty intersections surrounded by that player's stones.
Territory scoring including Japanese and Korean : In the course of the game, each player retains the stones they capture, termed prisoners. Any dead stones removed at the end of the game become prisoners.
The score is the number of empty points enclosed by a player's stones, plus the number of prisoners captured by that player.
If there is disagreement about which stones are dead, then under area scoring rules, the players simply resume play to resolve the matter.
The score is computed using the position after the next time the players pass consecutively. Under territory scoring, the rules are considerably more complex; however, in practice, players generally play on, and, once the status of each stone has been determined, return to the position at the time the first two consecutive passes occurred and remove the dead stones.
For further information, see Rules of Go. Given that the number of stones a player has on the board is directly related to the number of prisoners their opponent has taken, the resulting net score, that is, the difference between Black's and White's scores, is identical under both rulesets unless the players have passed different numbers of times during the course of the game.
Thus, the net result given by the two scoring systems rarely differs by more than a point. While not actually mentioned in the rules of Go at least in simpler rule sets, such as those of New Zealand and the U.
Examples of eyes marked. The black groups at the top of the board are alive, as they have at least two eyes. The black groups at the bottom are dead as they only have one eye.
The point marked a is a false eye. When a group of stones is mostly surrounded and has no options to connect with friendly stones elsewhere, the status of the group is either alive, dead or unsettled.
A group of stones is said to be alive if it cannot be captured, even if the opponent is allowed to move first. Conversely, a group of stones is said to be dead if it cannot avoid capture, even if the owner of the group is allowed the first move.
Otherwise, the group is said to be unsettled: the defending player can make it alive or the opponent can kill it, depending on who gets to play first.
An eye is an empty point or group of points surrounded by one player's stones. If the eye is surrounded by Black stones, White cannot play there unless such a play would take Black's last liberty and capture the Black stones.
Such a move is forbidden according to the suicide rule in most rule sets, but even if not forbidden, such a move would be a useless suicide of a White stone.
If a Black group has two eyes, White can never capture it because White cannot remove both liberties simultaneously. If Black has only one eye, White can capture the Black group by playing in the single eye, removing Black's last liberty.
Such a move is not suicide because the Black stones are removed first. In the "Examples of eyes" diagram, all the circled points are eyes.
The two black groups in the upper corners are alive, as both have at least two eyes. The groups in the lower corners are dead, as both have only one eye.
The group in the lower left may seem to have two eyes, but the surrounded empty point marked a is not actually an eye. White can play there and take a black stone.
Such a point is often called a false eye. There is an exception to the requirement that a group must have two eyes to be alive, a situation called seki or mutual life.
Where different colored groups are adjacent and share liberties, the situation may reach a position when neither player wants to move first, because doing so would allow the opponent to capture; in such situations therefore both players' stones remain on the board in seki.
Neither player receives any points for those groups, but at least those groups themselves remain living, as opposed to being captured.
In the "Example of seki mutual life " diagram, the circled points are liberties shared by both a black and a white group. Neither player wants to play on a circled point, because doing so would allow the opponent to capture.
All the other groups in this example, both black and white, are alive with at least two eyes. Seki can result from an attempt by one player to invade and kill a nearly settled group of the other player.
In Go, tactics deal with immediate fighting between stones, capturing and saving stones, life, death and other issues localized to a specific part of the board.
Larger issues, not limited to only part of the board, are referred to as strategy , and are covered in their own section.
There are several tactical constructs aimed at capturing stones. Recognizing the possibility that stones can be captured using these techniques is an important step forward.
A ladder. Black cannot escape unless the ladder connects to black stones further down the board that will intercept with the ladder.
The most basic technique is the ladder. Unless the pattern runs into friendly stones along the way, the stones in the ladder cannot avoid capture. Experienced players recognize the futility of continuing the pattern and play elsewhere.
The presence of a ladder on the board does give a player the option to play a stone in the path of the ladder, thereby threatening to rescue their stones, forcing a response.
Such a move is called a ladder breaker and may be a powerful strategic move. In the diagram, Black has the option of playing a ladder breaker.
Another technique to capture stones is the so-called net ,  also known by its Japanese name, geta. This refers to a move that loosely surrounds some stones, preventing their escape in all directions.
An example is given in the adjacent diagram. It is generally better to capture stones in a net than in a ladder, because a net does not depend on the condition that there are no opposing stones in the way, nor does it allow the opponent to play a strategic ladder breaker.
A snapback. Although Black can capture the white stone by playing at the circled point, the resulting shape for Black has only one liberty at 1 , thus White can then capture the three black stones by playing at 1 again snapback.
A third technique to capture stones is the snapback. An example can be seen on the right. As with the ladder, an experienced player does not play out such a sequence, recognizing the futility of capturing only to be captured back immediately.
One of the most important skills required for strong tactical play is the ability to read ahead. Some of the strongest players of the game can read up to 40 moves ahead even in complicated positions.
As explained in the scoring rules, some stone formations can never be captured and are said to be alive, while other stones may be in the position where they cannot avoid being captured and are said to be dead.
Much of the practice material available to players of the game comes in the form of life and death problems, also known as tsumego. Tsumego are considered an excellent way to train a player's ability at reading ahead,  and are available for all skill levels, some posing a challenge even to top players.
In situations when the Ko rule applies, a ko fight may occur. If the opponent does respond to the ko threat, the situation on the board has changed, and the prohibition on capturing the ko no longer applies.
Thus the player who made the ko threat may now recapture the ko. Their opponent is then in the same situation and can either play a ko threat as well, or concede the ko by simply playing elsewhere.
If a player concedes the ko, either because they do not think it important or because there are no moves left that could function as a ko threat, they have lost the ko, and their opponent may connect the ko.
Instead of responding to a ko threat, a player may also choose to ignore the threat and connect the ko. The choice of when to respond to a threat and when to ignore it is a subtle one, which requires a player to consider many factors, including how much is gained by connecting, how much is lost by not responding, how many possible ko threats both players have remaining, what the optimal order of playing them is, and what the size —points lost or gained—of each of the remaining threats is.
Frequently, the winner of the ko fight does not connect the ko but instead captures one of the chains that constituted their opponent's side of the ko.
Strategy deals with global influence, interaction between distant stones, keeping the whole board in mind during local fights, and other issues that involve the overall game.
It is therefore possible to allow a tactical loss when it confers a strategic advantage. Novices often start by randomly placing stones on the board, as if it were a game of chance.
An understanding of how stones connect for greater power develops, and then a few basic common opening sequences may be understood.
Learning the ways of life and death helps in a fundamental way to develop one's strategic understanding of weak groups. The strategy involved can become very abstract and complex.
High-level players spend years improving their understanding of strategy, and a novice may play many hundreds of games against opponents before being able to win regularly.
In the opening of the game, players usually play and gain territory in the corners of the board first, as the presence of two edges makes it easier for them to surround territory and establish their stones.
Players tend to play on or near the star point during the opening. Playing nearer to the edge does not produce enough territory to be efficient, and playing further from the edge does not safely secure the territory.
In the opening, players often play established sequences called joseki , which are locally balanced exchanges;  however, the joseki chosen should also produce a satisfactory result on a global scale.
It is generally advisable to keep a balance between territory and influence. Which of these gets precedence is often a matter of individual taste.
The middle phase of the game is the most combative, and usually lasts for more than moves. During the middlegame, the players invade each other's territories, and attack formations that lack the necessary two eyes for viability.
Such groups may be saved or sacrificed for something more significant on the board. However, matters may be more complex yet, with major trade-offs, apparently dead groups reviving, and skillful play to attack in such a way as to construct territories rather than kill.
The end of the middlegame and transition to the endgame is marked by a few features. Near the end of a game, play becomes divided into localized fights that do not affect each other,  with the exception of ko fights, where before the central area of the board related to all parts of it.
No large weak groups are still in serious danger. Moves can reasonably be attributed some definite value, such as 20 points or fewer, rather than simply being necessary to compete.
Both players set limited objectives in their plans, in making or destroying territory, capturing or saving stones. These changing aspects of the game usually occur at much the same time, for strong players.
In brief, the middlegame switches into the endgame when the concepts of strategy and influence need reassessment in terms of concrete final results on the board.
In China, Go was considered one of the four cultivated arts of the Chinese scholar gentleman , along with calligraphy , painting and playing the musical instrument guqin  In ancient times the rules of go were passed on verbally, rather than being written down.
Go was introduced to Korea sometime between the 5th and 7th centuries CE, and was popular among the higher classes. Sunjang baduk became the main variant played in Korea until the end of the 19th century, when the current version was reintroduced from Japan.
It became popular at the Japanese imperial court in the 8th century,  and among the general public by the 13th century. In , Tokugawa Ieyasu re-established Japan's unified national government.
Despite its widespread popularity in East Asia, Go has been slow to spread to the rest of the world. Although there are some mentions of the game in western literature from the 16th century forward, Go did not start to become popular in the West until the end of the 19th century, when German scientist Oskar Korschelt wrote a treatise on the ancient Han Chinese game.
In , Edward Lasker learned the game while in Berlin. Two years later, in , the German Go Association was founded.
World War II put a stop to most Go activity, since it was a game coming from Japan, but after the war, Go continued to spread.
Both astronauts were awarded honorary dan ranks by the Nihon Ki-in. In Go, rank indicates a player's skill in the game.
Traditionally, ranks are measured using kyu and dan grades,  a system also adopted by many martial arts. More recently, mathematical rating systems similar to the Elo rating system have been introduced.
Dan grades abbreviated d are considered master grades, and increase from 1st dan to 7th dan. Approximate size 5. Age rating For all ages. Category Strategy.
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Since a player's grade is measured in terms of stones, the number of stones for the handicap is simply the difference in grade between the two players.
There is an established pattern for the placement of handicap stones, shown by the dots which are marked on any Go board. This is shown in Diagram 15 Black is facing the board from the bottom , for each of 1 to 9 stones handicap.
Diagram Black has a natural advantage in playing first. So in games between players of the same strength, it is usual to compensate White for the disadvantage of playing second by adding points to White's score.
These points are called komi. From experience the value of playing first is about 7 points, so this is the normal size of komi. In tournaments, komi is often set at 7.
A few simple rules These images show boards at different sizes - the dots are the handicap points see below The rules A game of Go starts with an empty board.
Diagram 1 At the end of the game, the players count one point for each vacant point inside their own territory, and one point for every stone they have captured.
White's territory is 17 points, so White wins the game by one point. Capturing stones and counting liberties The empty points which are horizontally and vertically adjacent to a stone, or a solidly connected string of stones, are known as liberties.
An isolated stone or solidly connected string of stones is captured when all of its liberties are occupied by enemy stones.
Diagram 2 Diagram 3 Diagram 4 Diagram 2 shows three isolated white stones with their liberties marked by crosses. Diagram 5 Strings Stones occupying adjacent points constitute a solidly connected string.
Diagram 6 Diagram 7 Capturing strings As far as capturing is concerned, a string of stones is treated as a single unit.
A player may not self-capture, that is play a stone into a position where it would have no liberties or form part of a string which would thereby have no liberties, unless, as a result, one or more of the stones surrounding it is captured.
Diagram 8 Diagram 9 Diagram 10 Life and death and the concept of eyes In Diagram 9 , White was able to play at i and j because these plays result in the capture of the adjacent black stones.
Any string or group of stones which has two or more eyes is permanently safe from capture and is referred to as a live string or live group.
Conversely, a string of stones which is unable to make two eyes, and is cut off and surrounded by live enemy strings, is called a dead string since it is hopeless and unable to avoid eventual capture.
Diagram 12 The ko rule At the top of Diagram 12 , Black can capture a stone by playing at r. Diagram 14 Seki - a kind of local stalemate Usually a string which cannot make two eyes will die unless one of the surrounding enemy strings also lacks two eyes.
The end of the game When you think your territories are all safe, you can't gain any more territory, reduce your opponent's territory or capture more strings, instead of playing a stone on the board you pass and hand a stone to your opponent as a prisoner.
Now you know how to play. However there are a few other things you should know: The handicap system As remarked in the introduction, one of the best features of the game of Go is its handicap system.
Diagram 15 Komi Black has a natural advantage in playing first. This fascinating game of strategy can be traced back several thousand years in the Orient and is gaining popularity in the West.
Players take turns positioning their stones game pieces on the game board size of the board may vary. Once a stone is laid on the playing board they can no longer be moved.
However, they can be removed when they are completely surrounded by game pieces of another color your opponent.Board Size. Welcome to COSUMI! On this site, you can play 5×5 to 19×19 Go (a.k.a. Igo, Baduk, and Weiqi), which is a well-known ancient board game. If you do not know how to play Go, please look at Wikipedia (Rules of go) first, and then try a 5×5 game that is just right for a beginner like you. Enjoy! The board game go has been in the news worldwide because a Go game master champion played a computer, with the computer winning more matches than the champion. Since each move opens up numerous possibilities the computer can make the necessary calculations it would take for a favorable outcome faster than a human. Online Go game. ⚫ ⚪ Live games, tournaments, multiple board sizes to choose from. Join our community of enthusiastic Go players.